MemberMay 27, 2021 at 2:59 am::
Salvador Guillermo Allende Gossens, born on 26 June 1908, was a Chilean physician and socialist politician. He was the 28th president of Chile from 3rd November 1970 till his death on 11 September 1973. He was the first Marxist to be selected as a president in a progressive democracy in Latin America.
His political career was of about forty years. He covered the posts of the senator, as well as the Deputy, and Cabinet Minister. In 1970, he acquired the presidency as the candidate of the Popular Unity Coalition. He was also elected in a run-off by Congress as no nominee had gained a majority. As the President, he tried to nationalize major industries, grow the education sector and enhance the living measures of the working class. He disagreed with the right-wing parties that controlled Congress and with the judiciary.
Allende was the co-founder of a section of the Socialist Party of Chile in Valparaíso and became its chairman. Allende was born in an upper-middle-class family. He obtained his medical degree in the year 1932 from the University of Chile, where he was a Marxist activist. After the election to the Chamber of Deputies in 1937, he had also served as the Minister of Health in the liberal leftist coalition of President Pedro Aguirre Cerda. Allende won the first of his four elections to the Senate in the year 1945.
Allende ran for the presidency for the first time in the year 1952 but was tentatively suspended from the Socialist Party for taking the support of the outlawed Communists. He ran several times in the 1950s and 1960s but was unsuccessful, and in September 1970, he won a three-sided presidential race with 36.3 percent of the tickets. Because he lacked a popular majority, his election had to be approved by the Chilean Congress.