What is acid rain?
Acid rain is formed from highly acidic water droplets because of air emissions, most specifically the disproportionate levels of sulphur and nitrogen emitted by various vehicles and manufacturing processes. It is often called as acid precipitation as it contains many sorts of acidic precipitation.
The acidic deposition can take place by two ways only either wet or dry. Wet deposition is any sort of precipitation which removes acids from the atmosphere and places them on the surface of the planet, earth. In absence of precipitation, dry deposition of polluting particles and also gases sticks to the bottom through dust and smoke.
The clean rain water we experience is water and carbon dioxide which react together and form weak Carbonic Dioxide which is to that harmful. the reaction which is formed is
“H2O (l) + CO2 (g) ⇌ H2CO3 (aq)”
Reasons of Acid rain-
The major cause of acid rain are Sulphur and Nitrogen particles which get mixed with the rain that results to acid rain. The gases which are emitted in air. Pollution that increases the emission of carbon dioxide. Also the human activities that emit oxides of sulphur, nitrogen in the air.
Effects of acid Rain on the environment
1. Acid rain is extremely harmful to many things. For instance: plants and animals, Humans, agriculture. It washes away all nutrients which are present and required for the expansion and survival of plants.
2. It also causes respiratory issues in both humans and plants.
3. It also corrosion of water pines. Damages buildings, monuments which are made up of stones or metals.
4. When acid rain falls into water bodies like sea’s, ocean’s it damages the life living creatures like fish and other creatures.