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Activity Discussion Science & Technology Briefly describe the structure of a human eye.

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  • Aditya

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    June 17, 2023 at 12:47 am
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    We define the human eye as the sense organ of vision. From the definition of the human eye, we understand that it is an organ that helps us to view our surroundings. Therefore, we can say that the human eye is a vital part of our body.

    The structure of the human eye is rather complex. Therefore, we will only learn about some important parts of the human eye. These parts of the human eye are the cornea, iris and pupil, eye lens, ciliary muscles, retina, and optic nerves.

    These parts of the human eye have roles to play in the journey of light through the human eye.
    The covering of the human eye is transparent. It is known as the cornea. When light enters the human eye from the cornea, it passes through a muscular structure called the iris .It has a hole at the center called the pupil. The iris changes the size of the pupil by expanding or contracting it. Thus, it can change the amount of light that passes through the human eye.The eye-lens of the human eye focus the light on the retina. A human eye can easily see a faraway object as well as the object, kept very close to the eye.This becomes possible due to the ciliary muscles, which control the focal length of the eye-lens by stretching or contracting it. The optic nerves connected to the retina carry the information to the brain and we see the objects as they are.The given human eye diagram shows the structure of the human eye. With the help of the human eye diagram, we can understand the functions of the human eye better.

  • Manpreet

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    June 21, 2023 at 2:59 pm
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    Description of the Human Eye-

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uuWb1L2Vwsk

    The human eye is a complex organ responsible for vision. It consists of several main parts:

    1. Cornea: The transparent, dome-shaped outermost layer that covers the front of the eye. It helps focus light onto the retina.

    2. Iris: The colored part of the eye surrounding the pupil. The iris controls the amount of light entering the eye by adjusting the size of the pupil.

    3. Pupil: The black circular opening at the center of the iris. It regulates the amount of light that enters the eye.

    4. Lens: A clear, flexible structure located behind the iris and the pupil. The lens adjusts its shape to focus light onto the retina, allowing us to see objects at different distances.

    5. Retina: The inner lining of the back of the eye. It contains specialized cells called photoreceptors (rods and cones) that convert light into electrical signals.

    6. Rods and Cones: Photoreceptor cells in the retina. Rods are responsible for peripheral and low-light vision, while cones enable color and high-resolution vision.

    7. Optic Nerve: A bundle of nerve fibers that carries visual information from the retina to the brain, allowing us to perceive and interpret what we see.

    8. Sclera: The tough, white outer layer of the eye that maintains its shape and provides protection.

    9. Choroid: The vascular layer between the sclera and retina. It supplies nutrients and oxygen to the retina.

    10. Ciliary Body: A ring-shaped structure behind the iris that produces the fluid (aqueous humor) that fills the front portion of the eye and helps maintain eye pressure.

    11. Aqueous and Vitreous Humor: Clear fluids that fill the front (aqueous humor) and back (vitreous humor) of the eye, providing nourishment and maintaining the eye’s shape.

    These parts work together to capture, focus, and transmit visual information to the brain, enabling us to perceive the world around us.

  • Nehal

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    June 11, 2021 at 10:59 am
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    To see how the eye works: Let’s understand different parts of the eyes which help us see images.

    Cornea: Light which we see enters through the cornea, the straightforward external covering of the eye. The eyeball is adjusted, so the cornea goes about as a focal point. It helps to twists or refracts light.

    Aqueous Humor: The liquid which is present underneath the cornea has an organization like that of blood plasma. It assists with molding the cornea and gives sustenance to the eye.

    Sclera: The sclera is normally alluded to as the “whites” of the eye, which is visible to us when we look ourselves into the mirror. This is a smooth, white layer outwardly, yet within is earthy colored and contains grooves that help the ligaments of the eye join appropriately. The sclera gives construction and wellbeing to the inward operations of the eye, but at the same time is adaptable so the eye can move to search out objects as essential.

    Iris and Pupil: Light goes through the cornea and Aqueous humor through an opening called the pupil. The size of the understudy is controlled by the iris, the contractile ring that is related to eye tone.

    Conjunctiva Glands These are layers of bodily fluid that help keep the outside of the eye wet. If the eye dries out it can get itchy and excruciating. On the off chance that the conjunctiva organs become tainted the patient will create “pink eye.”

    Lens: While the greater part of the shining of light is finished by the cornea, the Lens permits the eye to zero in on either close or far off objects. Ciliary muscles encompass the focal point, unwinding to level it to picture far-off articles and contracting to thicken the focal point to picture close-up objects.

    Retina: The light engaged by the Lens will be sent onto the retina. This is made of bars and cones organized in layers, which will communicate light into synthetic substances and electrical heartbeats. The retina is situated toward the rear of the eye and is associated with the optic nerves that will send the pictures the eye sees to the cerebrum so they can be deciphered.

    Vitreous Humor: A specific distance is needed to focus on light. It is a straightforward watery gel that upholds the eye and takes into consideration this distance.

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