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Activity Discussion Science & Technology CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

  • Kasvi

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    June 23, 2023 at 5:21 pm
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    The human body has 3 main types of blood vessels:

    1. Arteries:
    • thick-walled blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart and distribute it to various organs and tissues
    • muscular and elastic structure that allows them to withstand the high pressure generated by the heart’s pumping
    • largest artery is the aorta

    2. Veins:

    • blood vessels that carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart from the organs and tissues
    • thinner walls and less muscular tissue
    • valves prevent the backward flow of blood and facilitate the return of blood against gravity
    • major veins are the inferior vena cava and the superior vena cava

    3. Capillaries:

    • smallest and most numerous blood vessels in the body
    • connect arteries and veins and facilitate the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products between blood and surrounding tissues
    • walls are incredibly thin, consisting of a single layer of cells to allow for diffusion
    • This reply was modified 1 year ago by  Kasvi Methi. Reason: formatting
  • ShruthiHas

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    June 23, 2023 at 5:21 pm
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    1. Blood vessels are classified into three distinct types: arteries, veins, and capillaries.

    Arteries

    1. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the body’s tissues.
    2. Arteries branch several times into smaller arterioles as they carry blood farther from the heart and into the organs.

    Vein

    1. Veins are the blood vessels that carry blood back from the body tissues to the heart. Veins bring back the deoxygenated blood to the heart after arteries carry blood out.
    2. Veins situated closer to the heart are larger in size.
    3. The superior vena cava is a large vein present in the upper half of the body, and it carries blood from the head and arms to the heart.
    4. The inferior vena cava carries the blood from the abdominal region and legs back to the heart.

    Capillary

    1. Capillaries are the small and thin blood vessels that it is permeable to the oxygen and nutrients carried by the blood.
    2. They connect arteries and veins.
    3. They have thin walls allowing oxygen, nutrients, carbon dioxide, and other waste products to pass to and from cells.
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