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Activity Discussion Essay Essay on Ram Manohar Lohia

  • Essay on Ram Manohar Lohia

    Posted by tanya on June 10, 2021 at 1:39 am

    What do you know about Ram Manohar Lohia?

    Arifa replied 6 months, 1 week ago 3 Members · 2 Replies
  • 2 Replies
  • Mahima

    June 10, 2021 at 5:25 pm
    Not Helpful

    Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia was born in Akbarpur in the district of Ambedkar Nagar, UP, on March 23, 1910. Hira Lal, his father, was a patriot at heart and a teacher by trade. Ram Manohar’s mother, Chanda, died while he was a child.

    After placing first in his school’s metric tests, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia went to Banaras Hindu University to finish his intermediate coursework. He completed B.A. from Calcutta University in 1929. He chose Berlin University in Germany over all other prominent educational institutions in the United Kingdom to express his disdain for British thought. He quickly picked up German and gained financial aid as a result of his excellent academic achievement.

    Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia was an Indian socialist politician, renowned thinker, and notable independence fighter. He was first exposed to the Indian liberation fight when he was a child. On the death of Lokmanya Tilak, he organized a tiny ‘hartal’.

    Gandhijis brilliant self-control had such an impact on him that he vowed to follow in the Mahatma’s footsteps. In 1921, he met Jawaharlal Nehru. They built a close bond over time. Lohia became interested in socialism and helped create the Congress Socialist Party in 1934.

    Ram Manohar Lohia died on October 12, 1967, in New Delhi, India, at the age of 57.

  • Arifa

    June 2, 2023 at 2:18 pm
    Not Helpful

    Ram Manohar Lohia was born on 23rd March, 1910 at Akbarpur, Faizabad district Uttar Pradesh. His mother died and he was raised by his father, Hiralal. He earned his PhD degree in “Salt and Satyagraha” from Berlin University

    He was introduced to Indian national movement at very early age. He organized a small mourning on Tilak’s death in 1920 when he was a student.

    He returned to India from Berlin in 1934, helped set up the Congress Socialist Party and became an editor of a weekly congress socialist.

    In 1936 , he was selected by Jawaharlal Lal Nehru as the first secretary of the foreign department of the Congress. Due to Gandhi’s influence he propagated the idea of decentralisation of state power and institutions.Also influenced by the ideology of socialism and he tried Indianization of socialism from the theory and practices of Marxism and international Communism. He gave presidential speech ‘’The Doctrinal Foundations of Socialism’’ in 1952.

    In 1952, he founded Praja socialist Party due to his difference with Congress. And he became member of parliament in 1963. He established Hind Kishan Panchayat after independence for agriculture solution. He gave the concept of four pillar state – village, district, province and centre.

    In 1965 he merged the Socialist Party (Lohia) into the ranks of the Samyukta Socialist Party. And won Lok Sabha general election of 1967 from Kannauj, but died a few months later.

    His important books-Fragments of World Mind: (1949), Wheel of History (1955), Will to Power and Other Writings (1956), Satyagraha Now (1940) article in Gandhiji’s Newspaper Harijan, Guilty Men of India’s Partition: (1960), India, China, and Northern Frontiers: (1963), Marx, Gandhi and Socialism: (1963), The Caste System: (1964), Interval During Politics: (1965).

    He supported idea of Socialism, but he was also sure about the inadequacy of <font color=”rgba(0, 0, 0, 0)” face=”inherit”>European Socialism for an Indian Society. He </font>criticized<font color=”rgba(0, 0, 0, 0)” face=”inherit”> Marxism for its internal contradiction and also criticized Capitalism by questioning the foundation.So he gave the idea of New- Socialism </font>that suits India better. New socialism is a of integrated idea of socialism and Gandhian principles . New Socialism is all about egalitarianism , growing economic interdependence , democratic rights included right to private life , adult franchise, Gandhian techniques, dignity and right of a common man.

    Lohia came with the idea of ‘seven revolutions’ or sapta Kranti for the betterment of Indian social system

    1. Equality between man and woman

    2. Against political, economic and race-based inequalities

    3. Destruction of castes

    4. Against foreign domination

    5. Economic equality, planned production and against private property

    6.Against interference in private life

    7. Against proliferation of arms and weapons, more reliance on Satyagraha

    Famous quote – “Satyagraha without constructive work is like a sentence without a verb”

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