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Activity Discussion General Discussion Define GDP with some examples. What is difference between GDP and GNP.

• # Define GDP with some examples. What is difference between GDP and GNP.

Posted by on May 15, 2021 at 5:30 pm

Define GDP with some examples. What is difference between GDP and GNP.

• This discussion was modified 3 years, 1 month ago by  Kidpid.
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• ### Bunny

Member
April 1, 2024 at 5:54 pm
0

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the total value of all final goods and services produced within a country’s borders during a specific period, typically a year. It is used as a key indicator of economic activity and is often used to compare the economic performance of different countries or to track the economic growth of a country over time.

GDP can be calculated using three main approaches: the production approach, the expenditure approach, and the income approach. The production approach sums up the value of all goods and services produced by various industries in the country. The expenditure approach calculates GDP by adding up the total spending on goods and services by households, businesses, government, and net exports (exports minus imports). The income approach measures GDP by summing up the total income earned by individuals and businesses within the country.

Here are a few examples to illustrate GDP:

1. If a country produces and sells 10,000 cars in a year, and each car has a value of \$30,000, then the contribution of the automotive industry to the country’s GDP would be \$300 million.

2. Suppose a country has a service sector that generates \$500 million in revenue from activities such as banking, healthcare, and tourism. This revenue would be counted as part of the country’s GDP.

3. If a country exports \$50 billion worth of goods and imports \$40 billion worth of goods in a year, the net exports would be \$10 billion, which would be included in the country’s GDP.

Gross National Product (GNP) is a related economic measure that takes into account the income earned by a country’s residents, both domestically and abroad. GNP measures the total value of goods and services produced by a country’s citizens, regardless of their location. It includes the income earned by citizens working abroad and excludes the income earned by foreign residents within the country.

The key difference between GDP and GNP is that GDP focuses on the production that occurs within a country’s borders, while GNP considers the income earned by a country’s citizens regardless of where they are located. GNP is calculated by adding up the GDP of a country and subtracting the income earned by foreigners within the country and adding the income earned by citizens abroad.

In summary, GDP measures the total value of goods and services produced within a country, while GNP measures the total value of goods and services produced by a country’s citizens, regardless of their location.

• ### Gaurav

Member
April 3, 2024 at 11:13 am
0

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a commonly used measure of a country’s economic activity. It represents the total value of all goods and services produced within a country’s borders during a specific period, typically a year. GDP is often used to gauge the overall health and size of an economy.

GDP can be calculated using three different approaches:

1. Expenditure approach: GDP is calculated by summing up the total spending on goods and services within the economy. This includes consumption by households (such as purchases of food, clothing, and electronics), investment by businesses (including spending on machinery, equipment, and structures), government spending (such as on infrastructure and public services), and net exports (exports minus imports).

2. Income approach: GDP is calculated by summing up the total income earned by individuals and businesses within the economy. This includes wages, salaries, and profits earned by individuals and corporations.

3. Production approach: GDP is calculated by summing up the value added at each stage of production. This approach accounts for the value of goods and services at each step of the production process, from raw materials to the final product.

Here are a few examples to illustrate GDP:

1. If a country produces \$1 million worth of cars, \$500,000 worth of furniture, and \$300,000 worth of software in a year, the GDP would be \$1.8 million.

2. Suppose a country has household consumption of \$2 trillion, business investment of \$1 trillion, government spending of \$500 billion, and exports of \$800 billion, while imports amount to \$600 billion. The GDP of that country would be the sum of these figures, which is \$3.7 trillion.

Gross National Product (GNP) is a related economic measure that takes into account the income earned by a country’s residents, regardless of their location. GNP includes not only the value of goods and services produced within a country’s boundaries (as in GDP) but also the income earned from investments and work abroad. In other words, GNP measures the total output of the residents of a country, regardless of where that output occurs.

The main difference between GDP and GNP is that GDP focuses on economic activity within a country’s borders, while GNP includes income earned by a country’s residents both domestically and internationally. The difference between GDP and GNP arises when there are significant earnings from foreign investments or when a country has a large number of its citizens working abroad.

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