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Activity Discussion Environment Science and technology

  • Science and technology

    Posted by Kumari on May 13, 2021 at 4:08 pm

    What is the meaning of pasteurisation? And what is the process?

    Elvira replied 2 weeks ago 2 Members · 1 Reply
  • 1 Reply
  • Elvira

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    April 10, 2024 at 3:45 pm
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    Pasteurization is a process used to heat-treat food and beverages, primarily liquids such as milk, fruit juices, and certain alcoholic beverages. The primary objective of pasteurization is to destroy or reduce the number of harmful microorganisms present in the food or beverage, while still maintaining its nutritional and sensory qualities to a large extent.

    The process of pasteurization is named after Louis Pasteur, a French scientist who developed the technique in the 19th century. The exact process and temperature used may vary depending on the product being pasteurized, but the basic principles remain the same. Here is a general overview of the pasteurization process:

    1. Preheating: The liquid is preheated to a specific temperature, usually around 60 to 75 degrees Celsius (140 to 167 degrees Fahrenheit), to remove any debris and partially deactivate enzymes that could cause spoilage.

    2. Heating: The preheated liquid is then rapidly heated to a specific temperature, typically between 72 to 85 degrees Celsius (162 to 185 degrees Fahrenheit), and held at that temperature for a predetermined time. This step is critical for destroying pathogenic bacteria, yeasts, and molds that may be present.

    3. Cooling: After the heating step, the liquid is rapidly cooled to prevent further heat-related damage to the product. Cooling can be achieved through various methods, including heat exchangers or cooling towers.

    4. Packaging: Once the liquid has been pasteurized and cooled, it is typically packaged in containers that provide a barrier to contamination, such as bottles, cartons, or cans.

    It’s important to note that pasteurization is not a sterilization process. While it significantly reduces the number of microorganisms, it may not eliminate all of them. Pasteurized products still need to be handled and stored properly to maintain their safety and quality.

    Overall, pasteurization has played a crucial role in reducing the incidence of foodborne illnesses and extending the shelf life of many perishable food and beverage products.

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