The gases that trap heat in the atmosphere and cause global warming is called greenhouse gases. They remain in the atmosphere for thousand of year and causes global warming and other issues in our ecosystem. Planting more trees. limiting the use of AC’s, excessive packing of plastic, and use of solar panels can reduce the emission of greenhouse gases to the maximum extent.
The emissions and removals of the main greenhouse gases to and from the atmosphere are the real deal nowadays. Some of the harmful greenhouse gases that trap heat and contribute to increasing the temperature of the earth and causing global warming are:
Carbon dioxide: Carbon dioxide is essential for the survival of plants but in large amounts, it will affect our nature as well as our environment in which we live. It is emitted through burning fossil fuels and solid waste. It can also enter the atmosphere through trees, other biological materials, and also as a result of certain chemical reactions. Carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere when it is absorbed by plants in the process of photosynthesis.<div>
Methane: Methane, is mainly emitted during the production and transport of natural gas, oil, and coal. Methane gases are emitted from livestock and agricultural practices, land use, and the decay of organic waste in municipal solid waste landfills.
Nitrous oxide: It is emitted during agricultural and land use. Industrial activities, combustion of fossil fuels and solid waste, as well as during treatment of wastewater are also resulting in the emission of nitrous oxide.
Fluorinated gases: Fluorinated gases are powerful greenhouse gases that are the result of a variety of industrial processes. It is sometimes can be used as substitutes for stratospheric ozone-depleting substances (e.g., chlorofluorocarbons and halons). Though these gases are emitted in smaller quantities, yet they are potent greenhouse gases as they are sometimes referred to as High Global Warming Potential gases.