SEVEN MAJOR RIVERS IN INDIA:
Rivers play an important part in the lives of its people in India. Irrigation, potable water, low-cost transportation, and electricity are all provided by river systems, which often provide livelihoods for a vast number of people throughout the world. Now we can understand that why almost all of India’s big cities are situated along riverbanks. The rivers are also worshipped by all Hindus in the country and play an important role in Hindu mythology.
India’s river system is made up of seven main rivers (Indus, Brahmaputra, Tapi, Narmada, Krishna, Godavari, and Mahanadi ) and their various tributaries. The majority of the rivers empty into the Bay of Bengal. The rivers that flow through the western part of the country and into the state of Himachal Pradesh in the east end up in the Arabian Sea.
1.BRAHMAPUTRA RIVER: The Brahmaputra River rises in the Mansarovar Lake, which also serves as the source of the Indus and Satluj rivers. While it is somewhat longer than the Indus, the majority of its length is spent outside of India. It runs parallel to the Himalayas as it flows eastward. As it reaches Namcha Barwa (7757 m), it makes a U-turn and enters Arunachal Pradesh, where it is known as dihang. It flows through Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India, where it is joined by several tributaries.
2. NARMADA RIVER: The Narmada, also known as the Nerbudda, is a river in India’s central region. It is 1,289 kilometers (801 miles) long and serves as the common border between North and South India. Just the Narmada, Tapti, and Mahi are major rivers in peninsular India that flow from east to west. It begins at the summit of Amarkantak Hill in Madhya Pradesh and winds for the first 320 kilometers (200 miles) through the Mandla Hills, which form the head of the Satpura Range; then, at Jabalpur, it reaches the Narmada Valley between the Vindhya and Satpura mountains, passing through the ‘Marble Rocks,’ and follows a straight westerly path to the Gulf of Cambay.
3. TAPI RIVER- The Tapi is a central Indian river. With a length of about 724 km, it is one of Peninsular India’s main rivers, with just the Tapi River, the Narmada River, and the Mahi River running east to west. It emerges in the eastern Satpura Range of southern Madhya Pradesh and runs westward, draining the historic Nimar area of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra’s historic Khandesh, and east Vidarbha regions in the northwest corner of the Deccan Plateau, and South Gujarat until emptying into the Arabian Sea’s Gulf of Cambay.
4.GODAVARI RIVER: The second-longest river in India, the Godavari is also known as the Vriddhi (Old) Ganga or the Dakshin (South) Ganga. The river stretches for around 1,450 kilometers (900 miles). It rises about 380 kilometers from the Arabian Sea in Trimbakeshwar, Maharashtra, between Nasik and Mumbai (formerly Bombay), but flows southeast through south-central India. It is a seasonal river which widens during the monsoons and remains dried during the summers. Godavari river water is brownish. Some of its tributaries include Indravati River, Pranahita, Manjira, Bindusara and Sabari. Asia’s largest rail-cum-road bridge on the river Godavari linking Kovvur and Rajahmundry is considered to be an engineering feat.
5. KRISHNA RIVER: The Krishna is one of India’s longest rivers (about 1300 km in length). It begins in Maharashtra, passes through Sangli, and ends in Andhra Pradesh at Hamasaladeevi, where it meets the sea in the Bay of Bengal. Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh are all bordered by the Krishna River.
The river’s common source is a spout from the mouth of a cow statue in Mahabaleshwar’s ancient Mahadev temple. The Tungabhadra River is its most important tributary, which is formed by the Tunga and Bhadra rivers, which originate in the Western Ghats.
6.KAVERI RIVER: The Kaveri (also known as the Cauvery or Kavery) is one of India’s great rivers and is revered by Hindus. Dakshin Ganga is another name for this river. The headwaters are in Karnataka’s Western Ghats range, and the river flows through Tamil Nadu. It eventually flows into the Bay of Bengal.
7.MAHANADI RIVER: Yhe Mahanadi is an eastern Indian river. The Mahanadi River rises in central India’s Satpura Range and flows east to the Bay of Bengal. The Mahanadi is a river that drains much of Chhattisgarh, as well as parts of Orissa, Jharkhand, and Maharashtra. It is approximately 860 kilometers long.
A massive dam, the Hirakud Dam, is constructed on the river near the city of Sambalpur.