Effective communication can be often disturbed or misunderstood by the receiver due to some barrier. Any parameter that hinders the smooth communication between the transmitter and the receiver is considered to be a barrier to communication. A communication barrier reduces the ease at which we communicate and hence hinders effective communication. Although the barriers to communication may be different for different situations, you should beware of the following:
1. Linguistic Barriers: The major barrier is the language barrier. It can limit your communication to a great extent. Some employees are good in certain languages but not so compatible with other languages. So some measures should be taken to channel effective communication between employer and employee.
2. Psychological Barriers: There might be different psychological or mental issues with the people which can hinder effective communication. Fear, anxiety, speech disorder are some known issues that might create the communication gap.
3. Emotional Barriers: The emotional IQ of a person determines the ease and comfort with which they can communicate. An emotionally mature person will be able to communicate effectively. While people who let their emotions take over will face difficulties.
4. Physical Barriers: These are the obvious barrier which can be removed easily. It includes loud noises, closed doors, faulty medium of communication, etc. Faulty equipment can also limit effective communication to an extent.
5. Cultural Barriers: As our community is expanding globally one should be aware of the cultural beliefs of others also. Cultural beliefs might affect your effective communication. One should be culturally appropriate.
6. Organisational Structure Barriers: There are many methods that have their own problems and constraints that may become barriers to effective communication on an organizational level. Most of these barriers arise because of misinformation or lack of appropriate transparency available to the employees.
7. Attitude Barriers: Some people are introverts and like to be left alone whereas other people are extra extrovert, somewhat clingy. Both these cases could become a barrier to communication. Some people have attitude issues, eg, huge egos and inconsiderate behaviors.
8. Perception Barriers: Everyone has a different level of perception of the same things. So, one should process the communication thoroughly and effectively, otherwise, it could turn into a barrier or limitation to communication.
9. Physiological Barriers: Certain disorders other limitations can also hinder the effective communication between the various channels of an organization. The shrillness of voice, dry throat, etc are some examples of physiological barriers to effective communication.
10. Technological barriers: Decent tech can also become a good barrier if it is faulty. Though it can be removed by changing or updating the technologies.
Here are some barriers to effective communication that one might face in life.