Find answers, ask questions, and connect with our
community around the world.

Activity Discussion Science & Technology What is glucose?

Tagged: ,

  • Nehal

    May 26, 2021 at 9:18 pm
    Not Helpful

    Glucose is also known as ‘dextrose’( D-Glucose). Glucose is nothing but a simple form of sugar. The word glucose was derived from the French word “glukos” which means “sweet”. The word “ose” is a chemical classifier that denotes sugar. Glucose is mainly made by plants and most green algae during photosynthesis from water and carbon dioxide, utilizing energy from daylight, where it is utilized to make cellulose in cell walls, which is the most abundant carbohydrate. It is also found in different types of fruits and honey. One of the components of glucose is cellulose, which is also known as linear. Molecules of starch help to preserve energy in carbohydrates. Too much intake of glucose can lead to serious health issues like diabetes, BP, Kidney issues, etc. In the human body, glucose breaks down and converts into fat. Even brain cells use glucose. It is also used to treat diseases like hypoglycemia that is low blood pressure.

    Biochemical properties:

    The chemical/molecular formula for Glucose is C6H12O6. It contains 6 carbon atoms and an aldehyde group and is, therefore, it is referred to as aldohexose. Glucose is considered a subcategory of carbohydrates. The glucose molecule also exists in an open chain as well as in a ring from that is acyclic and cyclic. It is also considered one of the basic necessities of many organisms.

    Chemical properties:

    Glucose is white, colorless solids that are soluble in water but is not soluble in solutions like methanol and ethanol. They soften at 146 °C (295 °F) (α) and 150 °C (302 °F) (β), and break down beginning at 188 °C (370 °F) with the arrival of different unpredictable items, at last leaving a buildup of carbon.

For Worksheets & PrintablesJoin Now