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Activity Discussion History What marked the beginning of Mughal Rule in India?

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  • What marked the beginning of Mughal Rule in India?

    Posted by GODHULI on May 17, 2021 at 12:26 pm

    What marked the beginning of Mughal Rule in India? What were the successive emperor that ruled India after Babur?

    Kunal replied 2 months, 3 weeks ago 2 Members · 1 Reply
  • 1 Reply
  • Kunal

    February 23, 2024 at 5:52 pm
    Not Helpful

    The beginning of Mughal rule in India is usually traced back to the year 1526 when the first Mughal emperor, Babur, defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the Sultan of Delhi, in the First Battle of Panipat. Babur’s victory established the Mughal Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent.

    After Babur, a number of emperors ruled India during the Mughal period. Here is a list of the successive Mughal emperors who ruled after Babur:

    1. Humayun (1530-1540, 1555-1556): Humayun was Babur’s son and briefly succeeded him on the throne. However, he was overthrown by Sher Shah Suri and spent several years in exile before reclaiming the throne.

    2. Akbar the Great (1556-1605): Akbar was one of the most celebrated Mughal emperors. He expanded the empire to its greatest extent and implemented various administrative and cultural reforms. Akbar’s reign is often regarded as a golden age of Mughal rule.

    3. Jahangir (1605-1627): Jahangir was Akbar’s son and succeeded him as the emperor. He continued his father’s policies and focused on consolidating the empire.

    4. Shah Jahan (1628-1658): Shah Jahan, Jahangir’s son, is famous for constructing the magnificent Taj Mahal in Agra. His reign is often considered a period of cultural and architectural splendor.

    5. Aurangzeb (1658-1707): Aurangzeb was Shah Jahan’s son and the last significant Mughal emperor. He expanded the empire further but also faced numerous challenges, including conflicts with regional powers and a prolonged period of warfare.

    After Aurangzeb’s death, the Mughal Empire entered a phase of decline and fragmentation, with various regional kingdoms asserting their independence. The empire continued to exist in a diminished form until the British East India Company gained control over India in the 18th century.

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