Poverty is defined as a condition in which a person is deprived of fundamental needs of existence. Furthermore, the individual does not have an insufficient amount of food, housing, or clothing. In India, the majority of the poor cannot afford to pay for a single meal each day. They also sleep on the side of the road and dress in filthy old clothing. Furthermore, they do not receive appropriate healthy and nutritious food, as well as medicine or any other required item.
Poverty in India is growing due to a rise in the urban population. People from rural areas are flocking to cities in search of better opportunities. The majority of these folks find low-wage employment or an activity that just pays for their meals. Most significantly, lakhs of urban residents live below the poverty line, with many more on the verge of destitution. Furthermore, a large number of people live in slums or low-lying regions. These individuals are generally uneducated, and despite their best efforts, their situation stays unchanged and there is no satisfying outcome. Furthermore, several factors may be identified as important causes of poverty in India. Corruption, increasing population, poor agriculture, a huge disparity between wealthy and poor, ancient customs, illiteracy, unemployment, and a few more factors are among these causes. A significant number of people work in agriculture, yet the compensation is relatively low for the labor done by employees.
Furthermore, as the population rises, so does the need for food, housing, and money, and in the absence of these resources, poverty spreads rapidly. Furthermore, being extremely poor or exceptionally affluent widens the divide between rich and poor. Furthermore, the affluent are getting wealthy while the poor are increasing poorer, creating an economic divide that will be difficult to close.
It has a variety of consequences, including illiteracy, poor nutrition and food, inadequate housing, child labor, unemployment, bad hygiene and lifestyle, and feminization of poverty, among others.