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Activity Discussion History Zamindari System

  • Suraj

    June 23, 2023 at 11:50 pm
    Not Helpful

    The major differences were,

    1. Granting Authority:
    • Zamindari System: Under the Zamindari System, the British East India Company or British government granted large landholdings (zamindaris) to landlords (zamindars). For example, the British granted zamindaris to influential individuals like Raja Todar Mal in the Bengal region.
    • Jagirdari System: In the Jagirdari System, the ruler or emperor granted landholdings (jagirs) to nobles or military officials (jagirdars). These jagirs were often granted in recognition of military service or loyalty. For instance, Mughal emperors like Akbar granted jagirs to military commanders like Raja Man Singh.
    1. Revenue Collection:
    • Zamindari System: In the Zamindari System, the zamindars were responsible for collecting revenue from the farmers or peasants who cultivated the land. The collected revenue was shared with the British authorities. For example, zamindars would collect taxes from farmers in the form of cash, crops, or a percentage of their agricultural produce.
    • Jagirdari System: In the Jagirdari System, jagirdars had the authority to directly collect revenue from the peasants or farmers who worked on the land within their jagirs. This revenue would often be used to support the jagirdar’s military obligations and personal lifestyle. The jagirdars had more autonomy in revenue collection compared to zamindars.
    1. Time Period and Administration:
    • Zamindari System: The Zamindari System was introduced during the British colonial period in India, starting from the late 18th century onwards. The British government had significant control and influence over the administration of zamindaris, using them as a means to extract revenue from the land.
    • Jagirdari System: The Jagirdari System was prevalent during the medieval period in India, particularly during the Mughal Empire from the 16th to 18th centuries. It was an administrative and revenue collection system established by the Mughal rulers to maintain control over their territories and reward their nobles.

    These points highlight some of the key differences between the Zamindari System and Jagirdari System in terms of the granting of authority, revenue collection methods, and the historical context in which they were implemented.

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